3 Medical Options for Prostate Cancer Treatment

The remedy of prostate cancer is complicated and depends on a multitude of problems that includes the grade and stage of the cancer along with the age, overall wellness and the kind of treatment that the patient is comfy with. For elderly men who may have a slow developing tumor or a low life expectancy the remedy might just be watching and waiting, along with keeping the man comfy. There are 3 type of therapy for prostate cancer that contains surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone manipulation.


Surgery for prostate cancer consists of several kinds of prostatectomies. For guys in the early stages of the illness the cure could be as effortless as obtaining a prostatectomy. There are 4 types of prostatectomies.

• A radical prostatectomy entails removal of the prostate, prostatic capsule, seminal vesicles, and a portion of the bladder neck.

Several men knowledge varying degrees of urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

• A retropubic prostatectomy is most typically performed since it makes it possible for adequate control of bleeding, visualization of the prostate bed and bladder neck, and access to pelvic lymph nodes.

• A perineal prostatectomy is typically the preferred decision for older men or men who could be poor surgical risks. This method takes much less time and there is much less bleeding.

• A suprapubic prostatectomy is utilized if problems with the bladder are expected, but otherwise is seldom employed. It is more difficult to control any bleeding due to the fact the surgical method is through the bladder.


If the cancer is stage 3, or locally advanced beyond the prostatic capsule, treatment by surgery becomes somewhat controversial since of the likelihood of hidden lymph node metastasis and relapse. A prostatectomy, if performed, is utilized to aid relieve urinary obstruction, but not to treat the cancer.

Radiation therapy may be utilised as a major treatment for prostate cancer. Extended term issues of impotence and urinary incontinence may be avoided and survival rates are comparable to that of surgical remedy.

Radiation could be delivered either by an external beam or interstitial implants of radioactive seeds of iodine, gold, palladium, or iridium. Interstitial radiation has a lower risk of impotence and rectal harm than external beam radiation.

Radiation has a palliative role for men with metastatic prostate cancer, minimizing the size of bone metastasis, controlling pain, and restoring function, such as continence.

Hormonal Therapy:

Androgen depravation therapy is employed to treat advanced prostate cancer. Many cells in the developing tumor are androgen dependent and either cease expanding or die if deprived of androgens. Other cancer cells, however, thrive with out androgen and are unaffected by therapy to decrease circulating androgens. The effects of hormone therapy can vary from complete but temporary regression of the tumor to no response at all.

The key to successful prostate cancer remedy is early detection and remedy. This is why it is so crucial for men in their 40s and older to go to their medical doctor for normal prostate exams. Cancer of the prostate can be successfully treated if caught in its early stages of development.